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疫情期间加拿大雇主需要了解的雇佣指引

文/浚滨 来源: FX168北美

尽管加拿大边境对许多人关闭,但加拿大移民、难民及公民部(IRCC)最近于2020年3月26日对临时外国工作人员(TFWs)实行了旅行限制豁免。这些措施希望在可能的情况下减少新冠病毒对加拿大经济的负面影响。

已获得工作许可证的人员不受边境管制措施的限制,将被允许进入加拿大,但要遵守最新的公共卫生和安全准则。由于几乎每天都会引入或修订新措施,因此保持更新就变得很有挑战性。这里给出的是雇主使用外国工作人员时需要知道的一些概要。

加拿大仍然欢迎临时外国工作人员,但根据2020年3月25日颁布的紧急措施,大多数这类人员都需要自行隔离14天。

而加拿大公共卫生官员(CPHO)对那些急需人员则实行了自我隔离要求的豁免,其中包括:

进行必要的医疗运送人员;

在贸易和运输部门工作的人员;

定期需要越境去加拿大工作,包括医疗保健部门或关键基础设施工作人员;

跨境提供或接受基本服务,包括紧急情况响应者和向加拿大人提供与疫情爆发有关的基本服务人员。

跨境后这些无需自我隔离人员仅适用于符合联邦法律豁免资格的那些基本需求,而仅满足省或地区政府要求的服务人员,到达加拿大后仍需要进行14天的自我隔离。

雇主有责任敦促其雇员进行自我隔离以及遵守所有其他公共卫生安全措施。即便这类临时外国工作人员自己提出要在14天自我隔离期内工作,雇主也不能答应,同时雇主还不能要求其履行其他职责,例如建筑物维修或行政性工作等。

根据聘用条款,雇主还必须在自我隔离期间每周支付这类人员至少30个小时的工资。

那些被要求为这类人员提供住所的雇主必须确保其满足隔离的最低要求,例如满足足够的社交距离,必须要自我隔离的人员与那些无需自我隔离的人员分开居住。

2020年4月1日,加拿大卫生部长Patty Hajdu和就业部长Carla Qualtrough已经致信雇主,建议他们在继续为加拿大带来临时外国工作人员方面发挥重要作用和承担相应的责任。 详情可参考以下网址:

https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/corporate/notices/minister-letter-foreign-workers.html

值得称赞的是,加拿大政府继续认识到这类外国工作人员对加拿大经济的重要性,他们既被允许进入加拿大,同时加拿大政府也在继续处理《劳动力市场影响评估》(LMIA)和新工作许可的申请。

雇主和临时外国工作人员双方面临的法律规定和政策指南将继续频繁的更新,请随时保持关注。

有关针对雇主和TFW的特殊COVID措施的更多信息,请参考以下链接:

https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/services/foreign-workers/employer-compliance/covid-faq.html

https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/corporate/notices/coronavirus.html

图:Catherine Sas女士

本文作者Catherine Sas为Sas&Ing移民律师中心合伙律师之一。Sas&Ing的移民律师中心提供全方位的加拿大移民服务,包括工作和留学许可,永久居留申请;特快入境,PNP(Provincial Nominee Programs,省提名项目)和家庭类别,临时居留签证,家庭担保,公民身份和公民身份上诉,以及联邦法院司法审查及应用程序。

本文由Sas&Ing移民律师中心授权FX168翻译发布。

COVID-19 measures for Canadian employers

Temporary foreign workers are still permitted entry under certain conditions

While the Canadian border is closed to many, Canada's Minister of Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has introduced travel restriction exemptions for Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs) recently on March 26, 2020. The measures are intended to reduce, where possible, the negative impact of coronavirus on Canada’s economy.

Persons who have been issued work permits are exempted from the border restrictions and will be permitted to enter Canada subject to following the latest public health and safety guidelines. With new measures being introduced or revised almost daily, it is challenging to keep up with the pace. Here is a summary of what employers need to know about bringing workers to Canada.

TFW’s are still welcome to come to Canada. However, in accordance with an Emergency Order enacted on March 25, 2020, most TFW’s will be required to self-isolate for a period of 14 days.

Federal exemptions to the self-isolation requirements have been introduced for those workers deemed essential to maintain the health and welfare of Canadians by Canada’s Public Health Officer (CPHO) including those who:

make necessary medical deliveries;

work in the trade and transportation sector to move goods and people;

cross the border regularly to go to work in Canada, including in the healthcare sector or critical infrastructure workers; and

cross the border to provide or receive essential services, including emergency responders and personnel providing essential services to Canadians related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

This federal exemption from the need to self-isolate after cross border travel only applies to workers deemed essential pursuant to federal legislation. Workers deemed essential by provincial or territorial governments are still subject to the need for a 14 day period of self-isolation upon arriving in Canada.

Employers are responsible for facilitating the self-isolation of their employees as well as employee compliance with all other public health safety measures. Employers can not authorize an employee to work during the 14 day self isolation period, even if requested by the TFW, nor can an employer ask a worker to perform other duties such as building repairs or administrative tasks.

Employers are also required to pay TFW's a minimum of 30 hours per week during the self-isolation period in accordance with the terms of the offer of employment.

Those employers who are required to provide accommodation for their TFWs must ensure that it meets minimum requirements to allow for social distancing and for the separation of workers who must self isolate from those workers who are not in self-isolation.

On April 1, 2020 Canada's Minister of Health, The Honourable Patty Hajdu and Minister of Employment, the Honourable Carla Qualtrough, wrote an open letter to employers advising them of their vital role and responsibilities in continuing to bring and support TFWs to Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/corporate/notices/minister-letter-foreign-workers.html

It is commendable that the Government of Canada continues to recognize the significance to the Canadian economy that TFW’s contribute and that they are both permitting their entry to Canada as well as continuing to process both Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) and work permit applications for new applicants notwithstanding the challenges of COVID 19.

The statutory provisions and policy guidelines facing both employers and TFWs will continue to change frequently so stay tuned for further updates.

For further information about special COVID measures for employers and TFWs please refer to these links:

https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/services/foreign-workers/employer-compliance/covid-faq.html

https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/corporate/notices/coronavirus.html

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